Cities lead the transition to a new green economy
The prospect of simply returning to business as usual, that is, to the logic that accompanied us until yesterday, must be rejected at all costs. The pandemic is in many ways also an urban phenomenon, rooted in the destruction of the environment and the relationship between humanity and nature. Cities must take note of their own weight in the balance of the Planet and of the resulting responsibilities. Forty years ago, urban areas were home to 1.7 billion people, 39% of the world's population. By 2014, the 50% threshold had already been exceeded. The most recent United Nations projections paint a 2050 in which 2.5 billion more people will live in cities than today, 68% of the global population. Already in a decade we will have 43 megalopolises with over 10 million residents, although we have to expect more frantic growth rates from all those agglomerations that today have less than a million inhabitants scattered between Asia and Africa. Cities generate 80% of the gross domestic product (GDP) - reiterates the World Bank - but also 70% of greenhouse gas emissions, responsible for global warming, in addition to consuming two thirds of energy.
As more than 42% of the world's population is under 25 years of age, the focus of sustainable development must be primarily on young people. This generation must be able to plan and sustain the greatest impacts of the climate crisis and environmental degradation. While young people have had no say in how humanity treats and has treated nature in the past, they must now have this say.
Scientists tell us again and again that human health is linked to that of the Planet. And it is now clear that real growth is inclusive growth, which thinks in the long term and strives to even out imbalances within society.
In December 2019, the European Union announced the green deal, the €1 trillion plan to zero its climate impact by 2050, establishing a historic record. A few weeks later, a global economic crisis began, which, according to the International Monetary Fund, is the worst in history since 1929. But this path has moved forward and is reflected in the new biodiversity strategy, which aims to bring nature back into our lives, and in the "from producer to consumer" strategy which aims to transform the EU food system. "With a green recovery we'll come out of the coronavirus crisis stronger and healthier". (source: lifegate.it)
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