According to the United Nations, more than 5 billion people will find it difficult to access water in a few years. The report points out that in the last 20 years the levels of water stored on Earth - in the form of streams, aquifers, snow and glaciers - have decreased at a rate of 1 centimeter per year: consider that, of all the water on the planet, only 0.5% is drinkable and usable by humans.
The increase in temperatures is modifying the rain cycles in various areas of the world, leading to changes in rainfall patterns and in the seasonality of weather phenomena, with a great impact on food security and human health.
Since 2000, flood-related environmental disasters have increased 134% over the previous two decades. Most of the economic and life losses associated with flood disasters occur in Asia, where flood protection systems are clearly in need of strengthening. At the same time, there has been a 30% increase in the quantity and duration of drought phenomena since 2000, with Africa being the continent most affected.
While we wait for governments to finally decide to implement all the policies necessary to curb extreme events, what can we as individuals do?
Surely we can save water by paying attention to consumption for personal hygiene, home and laundry. For drinking and cooking water, we can filter tap water - which should already be drinkable and purified, to remove even the smallest particles of sand and unwanted minerals. We would also save significantly on mineral water costs in terms of eliminating plastic containers and transportation costs, all of which have a significant impact on the environment.
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